CORAL: Collaborative Online Research And Learning
 

Social Writing Assignments 2


Collaborative Analysis 2: Social Loafing

» Analysis 1
» Analysis 2
» Analysis 3

Imagine the circle below is a pie chart representing the members of your collaborative team. Divide the chart into the slices (one per person); the size of each slice should indicate the amount of each person’s contribution to the collaborative project. Be sure to include a slice for yourself and identify each slice by the person’s name and affiliation (Social Psychology North or Social Psychology South).

Readings

Read the following selections and think about/answer the following questions. Your answers to the questions should be included in the noted collaborative reports and should be included in your final collaborative reports as pieces of the final collaborative analysis paper, i.e., the final collaborative analysis is divided into pieces that should be completed throughout the semester (via these assignments) and then included and integrated into your final analysis paper.

Managing On-Line Groups and Teams/Social Loafing

Baron, R. A., Byrne, D. & Johnson, B. T. (1998). Letting others do the work in groups. In
Exploring Social Psychology. (pp. 244-247). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Social Loafing

Latane’, B. Williams, K. & Harkins, S. (1979). Many hands make light the work: The
consequences of social loafing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 822-832.

Tuckman, B.W. (1965). Developmental sequences in small groups. Psychological
Bulletin, 6396, 384-399.

Things to think/write about for Collaborative Report #2

    • What criteria did you use to determine the amount of each person’s contribution to the collaborative project (e.g. amount of webboard discussion, quality of comments, influence on others)?
    • Describe the way in which you divide the pie? There should not be equal slices. Some team members will receive larger slices than others? Rationale - it is natural.
    • How did you evaluate yourself in relation to the other members of your team? What role(s) did you play in the team? In other words, how do you behave in regards to the collaborative projects?
    • Which people 3 people received the smallest slices? Why do they contribute so little? How can they be influenced to increase their involvement/contribution?
    • What is social loafing? Why does it occur?
    • What are some tactics to reduce it? Use one of these tactics on your teammates who do not seem to be contributing very much.
    • What did you find to be true for your team with regards to social loafing? Do your own findings and the research findings match? How are they similar and/or different?
    • Define social loafing for your team and discuss how social loafing affected team progress!

Collaborative Analysis 1: In-Groups Out-Groups

In the space provided describe the characteristics of your collaborative teammates from Social Psychology North and Social Psychology South. List as many adjectives as possible.

Social Psy Teammates North are:
Social Psy Teammates South are:
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

 

Tally the number of adjectives for your Social Psychology North teammates and your Social Pschology South teammates.

2. Readings

Read the following selections and think about/answer the following questions. Your answers to the questions should be included in the noted collaborative reports and should be included in your final collaborative reports as pieces of the final collaborative analysis paper, i.e., the final collaborative analysis is divided into pieces that should be completed throughout the semester (via these assignments) and then included and integrated into your final analysis paper.

Sherif, M. (1956). Experiments in group conflict. In W. A. Lesko Readings in social psychology: General, classic and contemporary selections (4th ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Sherif, M. (1958). Superordinate goals in the reduction of intergroup conflict. American Journal of Sociology, 63, 349-356.

Ashcraft, D. & Treadwell, T. (2008). The social psychology of on-line collaborative learning: In -Groups - Out-Groups. Hershey, Pennsylvania: Idea Group Publishing Co.

Tuckman, B.W. (1965). Developmental sequences in small groups. Psychological
Bulletin, 6396, 384-399.

Things to think/write about for Collaborative Report #1

  • Do you have more adjectives for you Management teammates than your Social Psychology teammates? Why? Are they different adjectives? How?
  • What is an ingroup and an outgroup? How do they affect group processes? Describe them for your team.
  • What is out-group homogeneity bias? How does it affect group processes? Describe it for your team.
  • How does this exercise demonstrate the outgroup homogeneity bias? What implications does the bias have?
  • Identify the ultimate attribution error? How does it affect team progress?

Collaborative Analysis 3: Superordinate Goals

Readings

Read the following selections and think about/answer the following questions. Your answers to the questions should be included in the noted collaborative reports and should be included in your final collaborative reports as pieces of the final collaborative analysis paper, i.e., the final collaborative analysis is divided into pieces that should be completed throughout the semester (via these assignments) and then included and integrated into your final analysis paper.

Sherif, M. (1956). Experiments in group conflict. In W. A. Lesko Readings in social psychology: General, classic and contemporary selections (4th ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Sherif, M. (1958). Superordinate goals in the reduction of intergroup conflict. American Journal of Sociology, 63, 349-356.

Baron, R. A., Byrne, D. & Johnson, B. T. (1998). The origins of prejudice: Contrasting perspectives. In R. A. Baron, D. Byrne, & B. T. Johnson Exploring social psychology. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Tuckman, B.W. (1965). Developmental sequences in small groups. Psychological
Bulletin, 6396, 384-399.

Things to think/write about for Collaborative Report #3

  • Describe & discuss the contact hypothesis and its it affect on the team.
  • Discuss how the team transitioned from the contact hypothesis to superordinate goals.
  • How can the outgroup homogeneity bias be resolved/reduced? How can conflict between two groups be reduced?
  • What is a superordinate goal? What is your team's superordinate goal? How did the team reach it? How does it affect group processes?
  • How has the superordinate goal affected your team's processes?