CORAL: Collaborative Online Research And Learning
 

Social Writing Assignments 2


Collaborative Analysis 2: Social Loafing

» Analysis 1
» Analysis 2
» Analysis 3

Social loafing is the phenomenon of a person exerting less effort to achieve a goal when they work in a group than when they work alone.  Ringelmann, who found that members of a group tended to exert less effort in pulling a rope than did individuals alone (1986 Kravitz & Martin).  Online and distributed groups, have also shown clear evidence of social loafing, (2007, Piezon,& Ferree).

Every week the team receives a print-out of their communication among team members recorded on the teams Fileman.  The Who-To-Whom data represents the members of your collaborative team demonstrating how team members have communicated during each week via the Webboard to individual and team members.

For each collaborative analysis the team creates a team excel chart demonstrating the teams communication patterns.  Graph each team members communication pattern for collaborative analyses 1-4.  The purpose of the graph is twofold: To locate social loafers and demonstrate commuinication patterns leading team members to transition from a cooperative communication environment to a collaborative environment

The Who-to-Whom data helps pin-point communication deficits and redirects faulty team communication patterns.

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WTW Chart Example for week three Social Loafing. Limited interaction(s) among team members. Interactions are directed toward Team.

 

WTW Chart Example for week six Social Loafing. Interactions toward teammates increasing (Indivdual) yet most interactions are directed toward Team. Social loafing - one member is not engaged.

Readings

Social Loafing

Latane’, B. Williams, K. & Harkins, S. (1979). Many hands make light the work: The
consequences of social loafing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 822-832.

Rich,J.,Owens, D., Johnson, S., Mines, D.& Capote,K. (2014) Some strategies for reducing social loafing in group projects. Global Journal of HUMAN-SOCIAL SCIENCE:  Arts & Humanities – Psychology. 30, (1).

Tuckman, B.W. (1965). Developmental sequences in small groups. Psychological Bulletin, 6396, 384-399.

Things to think/write about for Collaborative Report #2

    • Chart each person’s WTW contribution(s) to the collaborative project (e.g. amount of webboard discussion, quality of comments, influence on others)?
    •Detect Team members put forth imbalanced effort into tasks and Webboard communication.
    •Identify members not engaged in Webboard communication, & contributed unequally to the Team.
    • What is social loafing? Why does it occur?
    • What are some tactics to reduce it? Use one of these tactics on your teammates who do not seem to be contributing very much.
    • Define social loafing for your team and discuss how social loafing affected team progress!

Collaborative Analysis 1: In-Groups Out-Groups

In the space provided describe the characteristics of your collaborative teammates from Social Psychology North and Social Psychology South. List as many adjectives as possible.

Social Psy Teammates North are:
Social Psy Teammates South are:
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

 

Tally the number of adjectives for your Social Psychology North teammates and your Social Pschology South teammates.

2. Readings

Read the following selections and think about/answer the following questions. Your answers to the questions should be included in the noted collaborative reports and should be included in your final collaborative reports as pieces of the final collaborative analysis paper, i.e., the final collaborative analysis is divided into pieces that should be completed throughout the semester (via these assignments) and then included and integrated into your final analysis paper.

Sherif, M. (1956). Experiments in group conflict. In W. A. Lesko Readings in social psychology: General, classic and contemporary selections (4th ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Sherif, M. (1958). Superordinate goals in the reduction of intergroup conflict. American Journal of Sociology, 63, 349-356.

Ashcraft, D. & Treadwell, T. (2008). The social psychology of on-line collaborative learning: In -Groups - Out-Groups. Hershey, Pennsylvania: Idea Group Publishing Co.

Tuckman, B.W. (1965). Developmental sequences in small groups. Psychological
Bulletin, 6396, 384-399.

Things to think/write about for Collaborative Report #1

  • Do you have more adjectives for you Management teammates than your Social Psychology teammates? Why? Are they different adjectives? How?
  • What is an ingroup and an outgroup? How do they affect group processes? Describe them for your team.
  • What is out-group homogeneity bias? How does it affect group processes? Describe it for your team.
  • How does this exercise demonstrate the outgroup homogeneity bias? What implications does the bias have?
  • Identify the ultimate attribution error? How does it affect team progress?

Collaborative Analysis 3: Superordinate Goals

Readings

Read the following selections and think about/answer the following questions. Your answers to the questions should be included in the noted collaborative reports and should be included in your final collaborative reports as pieces of the final collaborative analysis paper, i.e., the final collaborative analysis is divided into pieces that should be completed throughout the semester (via these assignments) and then included and integrated into your final analysis paper.

Sherif, M. (1956). Experiments in group conflict. In W. A. Lesko Readings in social psychology: General, classic and contemporary selections (4th ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Sherif, M. (1958). Superordinate goals in the reduction of intergroup conflict. American Journal of Sociology, 63, 349-356.

Baron, R. A., Byrne, D. & Johnson, B. T. (1998). The origins of prejudice: Contrasting perspectives. In R. A. Baron, D. Byrne, & B. T. Johnson Exploring social psychology. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Tuckman, B.W. (1965). Developmental sequences in small groups. Psychological
Bulletin, 6396, 384-399.

Things to think/write about for Collaborative Report #3

  • Describe & discuss the contact hypothesis and its it affect on the team.
  • Discuss how the team transitioned from the contact hypothesis to superordinate goals.
  • How can the outgroup homogeneity bias be resolved/reduced? How can conflict between two groups be reduced?
  • What is a superordinate goal? What is your team's superordinate goal? How did the team reach it? How does it affect group processes?
  • How has the superordinate goal affected your team's processes?